Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer in the western world. Screening before symptoms develop gives the chance to identify those at high risk and prevent disease through lifestyle change and targeted treatments.
Heart attacks and strokes are usually acute events that are mainly caused by a blockage that prevents blood from flowing to the heart or brain. The most common reason for this is a build-up of fatty deposits on the inner walls of the blood vessels that supply the aforementioned organs. The major causes of cardiovascular disease are tobacco use, physical inactivity, stress and unhealthy diet.
High blood pressure and high cholesterol level being the result of those fatty deposits can damage your heart and blood vessels. But without testing for them, you probably won´t know whether you have these conditions. Regular screening can tell you what your numbers are and whether you need to take action.
- Blood pressure. Regular blood pressure screenings start in childhood. Adults should have their blood pressure checked at least every year. You may need more-frequent checks if your numbers aren´t ideal or if you have other risk factors for heart disease. Optimal blood pressure is less than 120/80 millimeters of mercury.
- Cholesterol levels. Adults should have their cholesterol measured at least once every five years starting at age 20. You may need more frequent testing if your numbers aren´t optimal or if you have other risk factors for heart disease. Some children may need their blood cholesterol tested if they have a strong family history of heart disease.
- Diabetes screening. Since diabetes is a risk factor for developing heart disease, you may want to consider being screened for diabetes. Talk to your doctor about when you should have a fasting blood sugar test to check for diabetes. Depending on your risk factors, such as being overweight or a family history of diabetes, your doctor may recommend first testing you for diabetes sometime between ages 30 and 45, and then retesting every one to three years.
Know your numbers!
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